According to a new report from global performance management company, Nielsen, close to two thirds of the region’s urban population (62.6%) forecast to reside in cities and urban centres of under 500,000 by 2025.
These projections for ASEAN (the Association of Southeast Asian Nations) tell a different story than the glitzy picture that is painted to the rest of the world – Asia’s future megacities giving birth to city trends that furiously shape the region’s future landscape.
The report, titled ‘The Age of ASEAN Cities: From Migrant Consumers to Megacities’, includes;
- Examining the influences that will shape development in the ASEAN region over the coming decade
- Identifies increasing business activity, cross-border trading and demographic shifts as some of the key forces driving population growth in ASEAN’s smaller cities, emerging towns and rural areas which are considered the ‘sleeping giants’ of the next decade.
While many consumers will continue to gravitate to mega and super cities (32% growth in the next 10 years), the biggest population growth will occur in cities with populations between one million and five million.
Across ASEAN, the combined population of these cities will increase by 51% between now and 2025, from 34.9 million to 52.6 million people. Meanwhile, the population in large towns and small cities of less than 500,000 will increase by 18% to 231.8 million which, when combined with the estimated 324.3 million rural population, will account for around 80% of the ASEAN population. (See chart 1).
CHART 1: ASEAN POPULATION GROWTH BY CITY TIER
Source: The Age of ASEAN Cities Report, April 2015, Nielsen
For marketers and brand managers, the smaller population centres throughout the region are important growth markets, with healthy demographics and an emergent middle class.
“Looking beyond ASEAN’s megacities to understand future consumer ‘hotspots’ was the most powerful starting point in identifying emerging economic opportunities and the strategic approaches and segmentations needed to approach new markets”, said Regan Leggett, Regional Director, Client Services, Nielsen Southeast Asia, North Asia and Pacific.
He called out Johor Bahru and Kota Kinabalu in Malaysia and Cebu in the Philippines as examples of regional cities with burgeoning potential.
“New consumption hotspots are emerging across Southeast Asia, such as clusters of industrial estates where manufacturers are leveraging cheaper land and labour – This in turn is having a knock-on effect of attracting migrants and stimulating local economies”, Regan notes.
The report also highlights that the conditions which are prevalent in local areas, such as infrastructure and transport and access to technology and education, have a significant influence on consumer behaviour and patterns.
As ASEAN’s smaller cities and rural areas continue to become more developed, their populations are increasingly well-educated, have higher levels of disposable income and are more aware of trends outside of their local marketplace.
“Many of these consumers are at the very beginning of their relationships with packaged and branded goods, and even a modest growth in spending power among such a large population equates to notable revenue potential”, Regan explained.
“There are considerable rewards on offer across ASEAN’s rural populations as spending power increases”, he emphasized.
“In order to tap into these markets brands should focus on product innovations which cater to the challenges, lifestyles and requirements of rural and small city consumers”, he continued.
“Smaller product sizes or single-use portions appeal to shoppers with growing purchasing power and traditional trade retailers who are challenged with storage space”, he explained.
Regan recommends 5 key actions for companies looking to leverage ASEAN’s up-and-coming rural areas and small towns:
1. For companies looking to enter these markets for the first time, develop a strategy to identify and enter smaller secondary cities and rural areas within an appropriate timeframe. Identifying regional capitals as an entry point can provide an “early mover” advantage.
2. Develop innovation that is driven by the unique needs, challenges and lifestyles of rural and small city consumers rather than adjusting offerings generated primarily for big city consumers.
3. Consider how e-commerce, distribution hubs and third parties might change the way you reach new consumers in new regions.
4. Generate differentiated innovation, marketing, sales and distribution strategies to create focused and successful consumer relationships.
5. Understand how existing efforts in primary cities may be adjusted in light of increasing time and space constraints, pollution, health and congestion issues that may be unique in high-density environments.